Definition of DOMAIN in Black's Law Dictionary 4th Edition – Legal dictionary – Glossary of legal terms.

Definition of DOMAIN

The complete and absolute ownership, of land; a paramount and individual right of property in land. People v. Shearer, 30 Cal. 658. Also, the real estate so owned. The inherent sovereign power claimed by the legislature of a state, of controlling private property for public uses, is termed the "right of eminent domain." 2 Kent, Comm. 339. See Eminent Domain.

A distinction has been made between "property" and "domain." The former is said to be that quality which is conceived to be in the thing itself, considered as belonging to such or such person, exclusively of all others. By the latter is understood that right which the owner has of disposing of the thing. Hence "domain" and "property" are said to be correlative terms. The one is the active right to dispose of; the other a passive quality which follows the thing and places it at the disposition of the owner. 3 Toullier, no. 83.

National domain is sometimes applied to the aggregate of the property owned directly by a nation. Civ. Code La. art. 486. Public domain embraces all lands, the title to which is in the United States, including land as well occupied _for the purposes of federal buildings, arsenals, dockyards, etc., as land of an agricultural or mineral character not yet granted to private owners. Day Land & Cattle Co. v. State, 68 Tex. 526, ,4 S.W. 865.

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