What is COMBINATION? Definition of COMBINATION in Black's Law Dictionary - Legal dictionary - Glossary of legal terms.
A conspiracy, or confederation of men for unlawful or violent deeds. See Deupree v. Thornton, 97 Neb. 812, 151 N.W. 305, 307, L.R.A.1917C, 65.
In patent law. A union of different elements. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machines. Stevenson Co. v. Mc Fassell, C.C.A.Pa., 90 F. 707, 33 C.C.A. 249; Moore v. Schaw, C.C.Cal., 118 F. 602; Moody v. Fiske, 2 Mas. 112, Fed.Cas.No.9,745.
In patent law. A composition of old or new elements, and it is patentable, if it produces new and useful results, though all its constituents were well known and in common use before it was made, provided the results are a product of the combination, and not a mere aggregate of several results. U. S. Industrial Chemical Co. v. Theroz Co., C.C.A.Md., 25 F.2d 387, 391.
The distinction between a "combination" and an "aggregation" lies in the presence or absence of mutuality of action; a "combination" essentially requiring that there be some joint operation performed by its elements, producing a result due to their joint and cooperating action, while in an "aggregation" there is a mere adding together of separate contributions, each operating independently of the other. Ball v. Coker, C.C.A.S.C., 210 F. 278, 282; Mead Morrision Mfg. Co. v. Exeter Mach. Works, D.C.Pa., 215 F. 731.
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