COURT OF  COMMON PLEAS - Black's Law Dictionary

What is COURT OF  COMMON PLEAS? Definition of COURT OF  COMMON PLEAS in Black's Law Dictionary - Legal dictionary - Glossary of legal terms.

In English law. One of the four superior courts at Westminster, which  existed  up to the passing  of the judicature acts.  It was also styled the "Common Bench." It was one of the courts derived from  the breaking up  of the  aula regis, and had exclusive jurisdiction  of all real  actions and  of communia placita, or common pleas,  i. e., between  subject and subject.  It was presided over  by a chief  justice with four puisne judges (later five, by virtue of 31 & 32 Vict. c. 125, § 11, subsec. 8). Appeals lay anciently to the king's  bench,  but afterwards to the exchequer chamber. See  3 Bl.Comm. 37,  et seq.  Its jurisdiction was altogether confined to civil matters, having  no cognizance in criminal  cases, and was  concurrent with  that  of the queen's bench and exchequer in personal  actions and ejectment. Wharton.

In American law.  The  name sometimes given to a court  of original and general jurisdiction for the trial of issues of fact and law according to the principles of the  common law.  Moore v. Barry, 30 S.C. 530, 9 S.E. 589, 4 L.R.A. 294.


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