COURT OF  CLAIMS - Black's Law Dictionary

What is COURT OF  CLAIMS? Definition of  COURT OF  CLAIMS in Black's Law Dictionary - Legal dictionary - Glossary of legal terms.

One of the  courts of the United  States,  established in 1855. U. S. v. Klein, 13 Wall., U.S., 128, 144, 20 L.Ed. 519. It consists of a chief  justice and four associates, and holds one annual session. It is located at Washington. Its jurisdiction extends to all claims against the United  States arising  out of any contract  with the government or based on an act  of congress or regulation  of the executive,  and all claims referred to it by either house of congress, as well  as to claims  for exoneration by a disbursing officer.  Its judgments are, in certain cases, reviewable by the United States supreme court. It has  no equity powers.  Its decisions are reported  and published.

This name is also given, in some of the states, either to a special court or to the ordinary  county court sitting "as a court of claims," having the special duty of auditing and ascertaining the claims against  the county  and expenses incurred  by it, and providing  for their payment  by appropriations out  of the  county levy  or annual tax.  Merl weather v. Muhlenburg County Court, 120 U.S. 354, 7 S.Ct. 563, 30 L.Ed. 653.

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