CAVEAT - Black's Law Dictionary

What is CAVEAT? Definition of CAVEAT in Black's Law Dictionary - Legal dictionary - Glossary of legal terms.

Lat. Let him beware.
An intimation to a judge or officer notifying him to suspend a proceeding until the merits of the caveat are determined. In re Phillips' Estate, 293 Pa. 351, 143 A. 9. A formal notice or warning given by a party interested to a court, judge, or ministerial officer against the performance of certain acts within his power and jurisdiction. This process may be used in the proper courts to prevent (temporarily or provisionally) the proving of a will or the grant of administration, or to arrest the enrollment of a decree in chancery when the party intends to take an appeal, to prevent the grant of letters patent, etc. It is also used, in the American practice, as a kind of equitable process, to stay the granting of a patent for lands. Ex parte Crafts, 28 S.C. 281, 5 S.E. 718; In re McCahan's Estate, 221 Pa. 188, 70 A. 711; See, also, 1 Burn, Eccl.Law 19, 263; Nelson, Abr. ; Dane, Abr. ; Ayliffe, Parerg.; 3 BLA. Comm. 246; 2 Chit.Pr. 502, note b; 3 Redf.Wills 119; Poph. 133; 1 Sid. 371.

In patent law. A formal written notice to officers of the patent-office, requiring them to refuse letters patent on a particular invention or device to any other person, until the party filing the caveat (called the "caveator") shall have an opportunity to establish his claim to priority of invention. The practice was abolished by act of June 25, 1910, c. 414, § 1, 36 Stat. 843.

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